To speak of fine arts, beyond the symbolic, aesthetic and representative content that they contain, is to speak of a physical conception of a certain space, because space is what delimits the safeguarding, protection and exhibition of the arts, but how have they been created? What are the spaces of the fine arts?
As we well know, there are seven fine arts: painting, music, sculpture, literature, dance, architecture, and cinema. For their appreciation, generally, each of them is housed in a certain space, with the exception of architecture, which is by itself a spatial delimitation.
Each one of them is born and matures a certain period of time under different spatial conceptions. However, as the course of time progresses, its physical place becomes more concrete.
The ways in which art inhabits space
We will talk in more detail about the history and conception of the space of each art in a separate publication. Now the important thing is to give an outline and become aware of the plasticity of the spaces where the arts come to life.
The spaces are mutating and plastic, as such, they have the ease of adapting to the social function that a given time demands. A clear example of this are the museums, which for the most part, before being art galleries, were kings’ rooms and event halls.
The plasticity of spaces
Currently we can see this plasticity in churches as some have become bookstores and libraries, giving the space a special touch thanks to the symbolic load they contain. We also see churches as concert halls thanks to their acoustics and why not? as spaces for theatrical performances with works that break the barrier of religiosity. A clear example of this is the Notre Dame Cathedral in Montreal, which hosts exquisite performances with light effects.
Being able to change the social intention of a space is not done overnight. It requires a series of messages and stages in the collective unconscious in order to assimilate the change. For the most part, these spaces are intended for the exhibition and expression of the arts, but there is also a counterpart and they are those spaces that are created from scratch to house a certain artistic manifestation. An example of this is the Guggenheim museum in Bilbao or the city of music in Paris built in 2017.
The past and future of art in space
All the arts coexist harmoniously in different spaces, sometimes they are mixed and interwoven for their appreciation. However, it is interesting and enriching to get to know each space separately. From those that have been adapting over time. And that will continue to do so, to those created exclusively for it.