Painting is the art that has transgressed spatial limits the most. We all know the caves of Altamira in Spain, with the famous cave paintings as the first pictographic sample found in history. The first space that welcomes painting is the caves. The cave is an unexplored space (architecturally speaking) that has represented and housed great artistic wealth throughout history. It has witnessed musical manifestations, dance, sculpture, architectural space itself and in more recent times in the catacombs of Paris, it was found that cinema has been reproduced, also housing the seventh art.
In ancient Egypt, the painting was developed mainly in temples and tombs, because for them the body and soul enjoyed immortality, and to achieve that immortality they were symbolized in their tombs with luminous paintings accompanied by deities and other objects of use. common.
For Greece, the place of the painting is gendered in temples such as the Parthenon and the temple of Hephaestus. The monumentality of the spaces was a key piece to create pieces according to their size. Cover entire walls with works that prepare the demonstrations. Thanks to a new technique that was generated in Rome; painting in the form of mosaics reached squares, public baths, houses, and palaces. Thanks to this innovative technique, the beauty, and color of the engravings manage to see the outside light and it is the first moment in the history of painting that touches and can be appreciated in an outside space.
Subsequently, a great flourishing of painting was generated in cathedrals and sacred precincts dedicated to religion where scenes that alluded to the crucifixion were represented. Works of art on canvas and paper also began to be made (they are also spaces but under a different concept). Almost entering the Renaissance, the canvases were acquired by kings to decorate their palaces and rooms. Within the Palaces, murals or frescoes were also made, but in less quantity since the canvas prevailed. With the portability of the canvas, painting took over royal bedrooms, ballrooms, reception halls, and palaces in general.
Works of art such as the Sistine Chapel are mutually enriching since architecture conditions painting and painting can condition architecture in the construction process. The painting moved to universities and the first public museum in the 17th century.
With humanism, the detonation of the arts and the artist, galleries emerge, and collecting among individuals is detonated, resulting in small museums in each space with artistic purchasing power.
When some spaces mutate into museums such as the Louvre, Versailles, Prado, among others, the collections pass into the hands of public-private institutions, changing the spatial concept of a particular venue. At the beginning of the 20th century, muralism relies on outdoor spaces to evolve and change the perception of art.
From caves to tunnels and the most remote corner of space, painting took over all unimaginable corners to make us feel what was previously destined for the eyes of a few. In the future, Where will the painting be housed? In vaults? Will it return to the caves (under another format) to protect itself from wars, climate change, and natural disasters?