Wondering about what space is in architecture? It is trying to describe architecture from the architecture itself, that is, to speak of a meta-architecture.
Part of the main function of architecture is the creation and delimitation of space through materials, techniques determined by conceptualizations related to a specific geographical space and a specific time. The first spaces that man inhabited were caves. These spaces not only had the dichotomy of protecting man from the elements and wild animals but also took on a sacred character due to the mysticism of these spaces. Later, the man went looking for these natural cavities to build spaces immersed and protected by the caves.
The sacredness of space
The first architectural manifestations were located 11 thousand years ago in Göbekli Tepe in southeastern Turkey. Here is an archaeological site made up of 20 megalithic monuments that together make up a large site with concentric and rectangular shapes up to 5 meters high in the shape of a T and with carved animals. It is believed that these spaces were conceived to carry out sacred rituals. Recent research suggests that these are spaces dedicated to the repose of the dead. As excavations are carried out, deeper circular spaces are found, and the researchers believe that at the bottom they will find human remains. What is interesting about this site is its spatial composition, because a correlation between the organization system and its relationship with a cult has not yet been found.
Another important landmark in the architectural space is Stonehenge. Stonehenge is one of the most mysterious and famous places in the world, but little is known about its conceptualization. The delimitation of space in previous times began to be carried out by granting a sacred character to the land from key points on the ground. These points must have had some correlation with the cosmos and what man saw when he looked up at the sky and appreciated the immensity must have traced it to earth. On the other hand, death was an unknown and inexplicable natural process that led them to grant sacredness to places that in turn correlate with the status of the deceased and the cosmos. Human remains have been found around Stonehenge, and some archaeologists say that it is a place where the dead are buried, but it also correlates with an astronomical meaning.
Inhabit the sacred space
To the south of the Anatolian peninsula are the Catalhöyük sites: mud-brick houses joined together with a honeycomb-like structure. These houses were accessed through the roof and it is believed that they were the first housing systems that were accessed through the roof. Delimit the space, mark privacy and move away from sacredness to live in communion between human beings, because not all the ground is sacred.
Each point of the earth has some correlation with space and with the cosmos and our ancestors perceived this very well, because they always sought to strengthen that bond between the cosmos and the earth to find the meaning of being “here”.
Since then space has mutated according to the cultures, technology, and materials of the time. The delimitations have evolved to be able to take advantage of every inch of the land. From the caves to the take-off platforms, the space defines itself by the materials and the sacredness that is granted to it.