Ongoing Wars in Africa

This article focuses on some of the ongoing armed conflicts in the world. Everyone is currently focused on the war in Ukraine, but that is indicative of a larger problem, and that is that the news tends to give more attention to conflicts that involve white people, often at the expense of other groups.

 

Africa seems to be one of the hotspots for conflict in the world. These encompass multi-national, national, and regional conflicts, some of which are just as or more devastating as the conflicts we see more often on the news.

 

I have limited this list to ongoing conflicts that are civil wars; there are many ongoing conflicts beyond this list.

 

The Cabinda War, Angola

The Cabinda War is an ongoing insurgency by the Front for the Liberation of the Enclave of Cabinda, or FLEC, against the government of Angola; Cabinda is an exclave and province of Angola. This conflict started in 1975 and continues to this day. Angolan military and secret service personnel have reportedly committed many human rights violations throughout the conflict.

 

The Somali Civil War, Somalia

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The Somali Civil War is an ongoing conflict taking place in Somalia. It sprang out of movements to resist the country’s military junta during the 1980s; in its current phase, it consists of large-scale amounts of guerilla warfare, much of it caused by the group al-Shabaab.

 

The Ituri Conflict, Democratic Republic of the Congo

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This is an ongoing conflict between the Lendu and Hema peoples of DRC. Largely set off by the Second Congo War, the two groups have been in conflict since as early as 1975, with the latest intensely violent period lasting from 1999 to 2005; overall, violence continues to this day.

 

Central African Republic Civil War

Current military situation in Central African Republic:

This is an ongoing civil war in the Central African Republic (CAR) between the government, rebels, and anti-balaka militias. This conflict began in 2012; taking place mainly in the CAR, there is the risk of spillover into neighboring Cameroon. There have been instances of religious cleansing, ethnic violence, and violence against aid workers.

 

The Mali War, Mali

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This ongoing conflict is between the northern and southern parts of the country of Mali. Ongoing since 2012, the conflict has been characterized by rebellion, at least one coup, and action from Islamist militants; low-level fighting continues to this day.

 

Jihadist Insurgency in Burkina Faso, Burkina Faso

Smoke rises from Embassy of France in Burkina Faso, March 2, 2018.jpg

This conflict, ongoing since 2015, is between the government of Burkina Faso and Islamist rebels; mostly confined to Burkina Faso, the possibility remains for the conflict to spill over into the country of Benin.

 

The Anglophone Crisis, Cameroon

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Also called the Cameroonian Civil War, this conflict has been going on since 2017, in the country’s Southern Cameroons region. It is part of what is known as the Anglophone problem, a socio-political issue rooted in Cameroon’s colonial legacies.

 

Insurgency in Cabo Delgado, Mozambique

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This title refers to the larger conflict in East Africa against an Islamic insurgency as well as the ongoing conflict in Mozambique’s Cabo Delgado province. The conflict is mainly fought between government security forces and jihadists wanting to establish an Islamic state.

 

The Tigray War, Ethiopia

This war began in 2020 and is being fought in Ethiopia’s Tigray region. The fighting between local and national security forces, with help from neighboring countries; there has been spillover into neighboring countries as well. A deep humanitarian crisis has developed, and both sides have committed war crimes.

 

Insurgency in Southeastern Nigeria, Nigeria

Several young men with a variety of weapons, including bows, spears, slings, and guns

Also known as the Orlu Crisis, this conflict began in January 2021, in the Nigerian city of Orlu. It escalated after the Eastern Security Network, or ESN repulsed the initial moves of the Nigerian army. Despite an ending to the initial crisis, the overall conflict continues to this day.

 

War in Darfur, Sudan

Nicknamed the Land Cruiser War, this conflict began in February 2003, in the Darfur region of Sudan. The government’s response to initial actions by non-Arab rebels was to carry out an ethnic cleansing campaign against non-Arabs, resulting in hundreds of thousands of deaths. The conflict continues to this day and is intertwined with other Sudanese conflicts.

 

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