Internet Traffic Growing Rapidly in the Last Decade

Nowadays, more and more people use smartphones and it is easier to access the internet network. This convenience makes mobile internet traffic in the world grow rapidly in the last decade.

According to the latest report released by the multinational telecommunications and network company, Ericsson, the world’s mobile internet network traffic rose 300 times compared to 10 years ago. In 2011, Ericsson recorded the number of 4G network users reached 9 million. This year, the number is predicted to skyrocket to reach 4.7 billion users. The number of smartphone users also increased by 5.5 billion.

This intense increase was unexpected by Ericsson. Because at that time, Ericsson underestimated the growth of smartphone users. In its 2011 report, Ericsson focused on collecting data from mobile-connected laptop devices. Even though at the same time the use of smartphones began to climb.

Market drivers seen at the time led us to underestimate the growth rate of smartphone and 4G users – including traffic growth on handheld devices – while overestimating the potential growth of 4G-connected laptops and tablets,” the report said.

It is estimated that 5G will replace 4G by the end of 2027 with an estimated 4.4 billion users. The growth will be faster supported by the availability of mobile phones at lower prices. Meanwhile, 4G users are predicted to reach the maximum number by the end of 2021 of 4.7 million. Ericsson noted that 4G users will continue to fall to 3.3 billion in 2027 considering that the majority of mobile phone users will switch to the newer 5G network.

5G network increasingly widespread

5G networks are expected to grow across the region, although 4G still dominates. In the Sub-Saharan Africa region, where 5G networks are expanding alongside 4G networks, High-Speed Uplink Packet Access (HSPA) signals will remain dominant, representing 40 percent of users by 2027.

By 2027, 5G is expected to cover 75 percent of the population and become the fastest communication technology in history. Coverage in countries with a high population is one of the main factors contributing to this. The researchers also noticed this phenomenon and called it “network sunsets” or “network weapon” which describes the new generation of networks, namely 4G and 5G causing old networks such as 2G and 3G to be turned off.

Three waves of network switching

This phenomenon can be categorized into three waves. The first wave, North America and Australia and some other parts of the world have shut down 2G networks and are expected to shut down 3G networks before the mid-2020s.

The second wave, Western Europe has stopped 3G and 2G networks. The sinking of 3G networks has lasted until the mid-2020s.

The third wave includes countries that still rely heavily on old technology, due to the lower focus of 4G and 5G networks. In these areas, 2G and 3G networks are predicted to still exist until the end of 2030.

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