Most individuals believe that talking about personality development, life skills training, and counselling qualifies them as a type of psychologist. They do, however, obtain their information from the media and the surroundings. It is still unclear how to tell the difference between a pseudo-psychologist and a true psychologist. Professional training with the appropriate educational background, institutional affiliation, and experience is one solution to this.
Some psychologists investigate theoretical foundation. Whereas, others concern with our daily life activities and behavior. Psychologists should possess a range of knowledge when entering a profession. Some of effective basic skills are:
General skills are generic in nature. Listening, communication, and analysis are all key aspects. We require all types of psychologists, regardless of specialisation. Personal and intellectual abilities are included in general talents. As a result, abilities such as patience, empathy, sharpness, and strategic thought and insight are required.
Psychologists as researchers need to be alert and good observers. A psychologist engages in observing various facts of surroundings including people and varying events. He or she may begin with carefully examining the physical settings. This is done in order to capture the atmosphere. In addition to physical surroundings, a psychologist actively engages in observing people and their actions. The observations may include the personal features such as, gender, age, stature, etc. They observe the people’s way of dealing and their pattern of behaviors in different circumstances. A psychologist records these details as something of significance that may be helpful in the process.
Some important requirements for observing people and events are:
- Attention to the surroundings
- Awareness to people’s reactions, emotions and motivations
- Optimism and curiosity
- Respect and privacy
The observation can be carried out in a natural context as it occurs, or in a controlled setting.