Coronavirus In Animals

There is no single coronavirus; the term “coronavirus” instead refers to a group of related RNA viruses that cause illnesses in both mammals and birds. Animals that have been infected include the following:

 

Birds: Night herons, turkeys, Chinese bulbuls, common moorhens, geese, ducks

Mammals: Bats, rats, mice, mink, ferrets, civets, hedgehogs, cats, dogs, cattle, swine, beluga whales

And, of course, humans.

 

The following are coronavirus variants that can appear in animals:

 

Avian coronavirus

This coronavirus variant affects birds; one strain, formerly known as infectious bronchitis virus (IBV), affects chickens. It causes avian infectious bronchitis, which affects the respiratory, gut, kidney, and reproductive systems; it affects the performance of both meat- and egg-producing chickens. Another strain, previously known as turkey coronavirus, causes GI disease in turkeys.

 

Transmissible gastroenteritis coronavirus

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Also known as Transmissible gastroenteritis virus, or TGEV, this coronavirus infects pigs by reducing their capability for digesting food. This results in the pigs dying of dehydration; the mortality rate in piglets less than one week old is almost 100%.

 

Murine coronavirus

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Murine coronavirus is a coronavirus that infects mice; it causes both Murine hepatitis virus and fancy rat coronavirus, among others.

 

Porcine epidemic diarrhea virus

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Also called PED virus or PEDV, this coronavirus is another one that infects pigs. It infects the cells lining the small intestine, which can lead to a condition called porcine epidemic diarrhea.

 

Canine coronavirus

Canine coronavirus antigen (arrows) in canine lung tissue

Abbreviated as CCoV, this coronavirus causes a highly contagious intestinal disease in dogs. The incubation period is about one to three days; symptoms include diarrhea, vomiting, and anorexia.

 

Feline coronavirus

As its name states, this is a virus that infects cats; it is typically passed between the fecal-oral route. It has two forms: feline enteric coronavirus and feline infectious peritonitis virus.

 

Bovine coronavirus

Abbreviated as BCV or BCoV, this is a coronavirus that affects cattle. In calves, it causes calf enteritis, and contributes to the enzootic pneumonia complex; in adult cattle, it causes winter dysentery.

 

Bulbul coronavirus HKU11

This coronavirus is found in the bird known as a Chinese bulbul.

 

Coronavirus HKU15

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Also called Porcine coronavirus HKU15, this is yet another coronavirus found in pigs; it was first associated with porcine diarrhea in 2014.

 

Check out today’s other article by me to find out about coronavirus variants that can infect humans.

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