Birthdays of April 13th
Like I said in my other post today, April 13th is my birthday. I’ve already covered interesting historical events that happened today; I thought I would use this article to go over some of the interesting people that were born today.
Catherine de Medici
Born on this day in 1519, Catherine de Medici was a member of Italy’s famous Medici family; she became Queen of France through her marriage to French king Henry II. After his death, she became Queen Mother during the reign of her son Francis II, and after his death, she served as regent for her son Charles IX.
Born in 1570, Guy Fawkes was part of a group of English Catholics who conspired to assassinate King James I and restore a Catholic monarch to the English throne. This resulted in the failed Gunpowder Plot of 1605; Fawkes was caught in an undercroft beneath the House of Lords, guarding explosives. He was convicted of treason and sentenced to death but fell from the scaffold and broke his neck before the sentence could be carried out.
Born on this day in 1866, Robert Leroy Parker- better known as Butch Cassidy- was a notorious American train and bank robber. He was also the leader of an Old West criminal gang known as the “wild Bunch.” He was engaged in criminal activity for more than a decade but fled the country because of pressure from law enforcement. It is believed that he died in a shootout with the Bolivian Army in 1908.
Madalyn Murray O’Hair
Born in 1919, Madalyn Murray O’Hair was a prominent atheist activist who advocated for the separation of church and state. She is best known for a 1963 lawsuit in which she challenged the mandatory prayer and Bible-reading policy in Baltimore public schools; the aftermath of this earned her the nickname “the most hated woman in America.”
p class=”MsoNormal”>Born in 1963, Garry Kasparov is a Russian chess grandmaster. He became the youngest ever undisputed World Chess Champion in 1985 at the age of 22, after defeating reigning champion Anatoly Karpov. Over the course of his career, he achieved a peak rating of 2851; he was ranked number one for a record 255 months over his career. He also holds the records for most consecutive professional victories and most Chess Oscars.