Batik is The National Icons of Indonesia

Dian Sastrowadoyo, an Indonesian public figure wearing batik dress. © Instagram/ @therealdisastr.
Batik is an icon nation for Indonesia. UNESCO give award to batik as cultural heritage on October 2009. and it is significantly affected towards the batik industry afterward. 

Batik is a product of culture and  provide a livelihood for millions of people of Indonesia. We can find it in many places such as in Java: Cirebon, Pekalongan, Banyumas, Yogyakarta, Solo, Mojokerto.

Outside Java we also find some od  industry in Samarinda-Borneo, Padang, Palembang-Sumatra, Toraja-Sulawesi, Papua and even Nusa Tenggara Barat

Illustration of Batik creation for wedding ceremony. © Krajan Batik.

Types and Variations 

Javanese kraton (court)

This is one of the oldest pattern and creation practices. Also known as Pedalaman in contrast with Pesisiran. This type of  has earthy color tones such as black, brown, and dark yellow (sogan), sometimes against a white background. The motifs of traditional court fabrics have a more symbolic meanings than others.


In  several areas on the northern coast of Java and on Madura have this type. Pesisir utilizes vivid colors and Chinese motifs such as clouds, phoenix, dragon, qilin, lotus, peony, and floral patterns.

Woman creating batik in Keraton Pattern of Solo, Central Java. (source :

the most famous Pesisir production area is the town of Pekalongan in Central Java province.


The most well known Cirebon Motif is megamendung (rain cloud) that was used in the former Cirebon Kraton. This cloud motif shows Chinese influence.


Gedog is the speciality of Tuban. You can find the  handmade tenun (woven) fabrics here.

Batik Creation. (source : Pinterest).

Madurese displays vibrant colors, such as yellow, red, and green. Madura unique motifs for example pucuk tombak (spear tips), also various flora and fauna images.

Soeharto was the first figure who introducing it Into the international community

The second President of the Republic of Indonesia, Soeharto, was the first figure to introduce this type of fabric to the international realm since the mid-80s. The souvenir for the quest of state.

Dian Sastrowadoyo wearing batik dress and covered in batik fabrics. © Instagram/ @therealdisastr.

In addition, when Indonesia hosted the APEC II (Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation) Summit held in 1994 in Bogor, 17 heads of state and heads of government from APEC countries wears this kind of fabric, specially made with a style symbolizing the state symbol each added with a touch of ethnic Javanese.

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