Africa’s Fuel Shortage: Cause and Effect

Fuel shortages are spreading across Africa. The rise in oil price is not simply the result of higher prices that has made it unaffordable for many poor buyers in Africa.


Fuel is material such as coal, gas, or oil burned to produce heat or power. Gas price has risen, and energy bill has skyrocketed due to the increase in crude oil in Africa.


Some of the impacts of fuel shortage


Fuel shortages halt commerce. It shuts businesses that need to generate their own electricity because energy bills have increased due to a rise in crude oil. And has a social impact in that Hospitals have difficulty getting drugs and ambulances immobilized.


The shortage is a blow to tourism; this forces holidaymakers to cancel trips for a lack of flights and airlines to introduce fuel stops specifically to refuel.


Borris Ogursky, Lufthansa Groups spokesperson for Europe, the Middle East, and Africa, was reported explaining that because of fuel shortage, airlines in Johannesburg, Lufthansa, and Swiss at OR Tambo International airport had to get creative. A fuel stop was added.


Some of the causes of fuel shortages 


One of the causes of fuel shortage is that less fuel is being imported into the continent. As importers to Africa are often smaller than in wealthy regions, to maintain capital many simply import less fuel.


There is less crude oil being refined domestically. Refiners are facilities where crude oil is processed and changed into petroleum products for use as fuels. There is almost non-existing refining infrastructure and badly run refineries, making it difficult to produce fuel on the continent.


The fuel shortage in Africa is evolving with the situation in Ukraine. As big oil traders are reducing purchases of Russian oil to comply with European sanctions taking effect on May 15th, this will cut access to fuel from Russia from Europe. And as Russia is the world’s second-largest exporter of crude oil after Saudi Arabia. Sanctions against Russia have dire repercussions on many poor fuel buyers in Africa.


Fuel is an important material for transportation, heating, and generating electricity. If the issue of fuel shortage is not dealt with, things in Africa may soon get even worse.

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